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Notification on the renaming of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center

Considering the Government Ordinance no. 17 of 29 August 2018, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, no. 755 of 31 August 2018, we notify you that the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Authority (CIAS) has been renamed as the CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS AUTHORITY (SIAA).

Events

OCTOBER 24-25, 2018: "JUST CULTURE & JUDICIARY" ANNUAL CONFERENCE

eveniment conferinta anuala just culture 2018

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), EUROCONTROL and the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) will organize during October 24-25, 2018, in Bucharest, the "Just Culture & Judiciary" Annual Conference.

This year's edition will address the subject of Just Culture acros industries with a focus on transports (air, rail, maritime and road) and will be conducted under the motto "Continuing to learn from each other".

"Just Culture" is a culture in which air operators and other operators are not punished for actions, omissions or decisions taken by them which are commensurate with their experience and training, but where gross negligence, wilful violations and destructive acts are not tolerated.

Punishing air traffic controllers and pilots with fines or by suspending their licences can discourage the front-line operators from reporting any kind of mistake, with a consequent reduction in safety information. It is therefore fundamentally important to encourage the development of an environment in which occurrences are reported and the necessary processes for investigating and developing preventive action (such as re-training, improved supervision etc.) are put in place.

"Just Culture can be applied to any services we provide; not only operational people or engineers. We can all make mistakes. We are human beings. I like to think we come to work to do a great job and that our errors are just honest mistakes", said Tony LICU, Head of Safety Unit within EUROCONTROL.

"Just Culture" does not mean complete protection of front-line operators in the event of aviation incidents and accidents. Nobody can be above the law, and interpreting acceptable or unacceptable behaviour or actions remains the responsibility of the national judiciary.

Indeed, the administration of justice, in particular in the domain of criminal law, constitutes one of the pillars of a State’s sovereign functions. Both at International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) level (see Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation), and in Europe, effective and focused rules and regulations on the protection of safety data already exist or are under discussion, but there are limits to what can be addressed by safety legislation.

In this context, a just culture signifies the growing recognition of the need to establish communication and training initiatives and advance arrangements amongst those in the aviation safety sector, regulators, law enforcement and the judiciary in order to avoid unnecessary interference and to engender mutual trust in and an understanding of the relevance of their respective activities and responsibilities.

A just culture requires an understanding and appreciation of the various processes and commitments by both safety specialists and the judiciary. A just culture is based on the assumption that controllers and pilots can make mistakes and that only a member of the judiciary can decide what is an “honest mistake” and what constitutes intentional or reckless behaviour.

The concept of a just culture represents the fundamental recognition that both aviation safety and the administration of justice would benefit from a carefully established equilibrium, moving away from fears of criminalisation. That is easier said than done, of course, but the time has come to seriously question the added value of endless and generally unsuccessful efforts at international level to “protect” controllers and pilots against legal action by creating standards, regulations and laws which are supposed to shield them from intervention by the justice system.

The concept of the just culture has been on the agenda for many years and it has become apparent that a key part of its successful implementation relies on a number of realistic deliverables which will stimulate further understanding and active coordination between the safety and judicial authorities.

For additional information:

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THE 48TH MEETING OF THE GROUP OF EXPERTS IN ACCIDENT AND INCIDENT INVESTIGATION (ACC/48) WITHIN THE EUROPEAN CONFERENCE OF CIVIL AVIATION (ECAC-CEAC)

Romania, through the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), hosted between June 26-27, 2018, in Bucharest, the 48th meeting of the Group of Experts in Accident and Incident Investigation (ACC/48) within the European Conference of Civil Aviation (ECAC-CEAC). The meeting took place in Bucharest, in the Skylight conference room of R.A. ROMATSA.

The meeting of the Group of Experts in Accident and Incident Investigation (ACC) is a reference event for the European Conference of Civil Aviation (ECAC-CEAC), which brings together heads of the investigation authorities within the 44 ECAC-CEAC Member States and/or investigators and representatives of the aeronautical industry.

This edition was attended by 55 participants from Europe and Asia. Along with the representatives of CIAS, investigators with experience in the investigation of civil aviation occurrences, the event was attended by representatives of R.A. ROMATSA, of the investigation authorities of aviation occurrences in Europe and Singapore, a representative of the European Agency for Safety Aviation (EASA), a representative of the European Commission, a representative of EUROCONTROL, as well as representatives of the main airliners in Romania (TAROM and Blue Air), of the international aeronautical industry (Rolls-Royce, Safran Aircraft Engines) and a representative of the European Cockpit Association (ECA).

At the event there were presentations that focused on statistics concerning accidents and incidents in civil aviation occurred in 2017 at European level, case studies on recent investigations carried out by the European investigation authorities, the implementation of the safety management system in the Romanian and international airlines (TAROM, Blue Air, NetJets), statistics on the safety recommendations issued in 2017, the communication activities specific to civil aviation safety investigation authorities.

It was also discussed about the information of interest, news and upcoming meetings from other bodies and specialty forums: European Commission, ENCASIA, EASA, EUROCONTROL, ICAO, IATA, ESASI/ISASI, Transport Safety Investigation Bureau in Singapore.

From the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) on June 26, 2018, in the event’s opening, Mr. Constantin VOICU, General Manager, took the floor. Mr. Constantin VOICU also made a presentation of CIAS: information on the establishment of the institution, strategic mission, attributions and details of the main activities carried out (civil aviation safety investigations, safety recommendations, analyzes on civil aviation safety and management of information in the reporting referring to civil aviation occurrences included in the unique database at national level ECCAIRS), applicable law (both nationally and internationally), the new organization chart of the institution, national and international cooperation, equipment.

Also, each ECAC ACC Member State presented the situation of civil aviation occurrences that took place in 2017 and are investigated at the level of national safety investigation authorities. From Romania, Mr. Cristian TECUCEANU, Head of the Investigation Department, took the floor and presented four civil aviation serious incidents occurred in 2017 which are investigated by CIAS.

In the second day of the event, on June 27, 2018, from CIAS, Mr. Lucian IVAN, air safety investigator, as well as Ms. Simona WIST, Head of Communication and Public Relations, took the floor and made a presentation on the investigation, as well as, the specific communication activities, in case of the civil aviation accident that occurred on January 20, 2014, in the vicinity of Horea commune in Alba County, involving the BN-2A-27 aircraft registered YR-BNP.

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INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP: COOPERATION BETWEEN SAFETY INVESTIGATION AUTHORITIES AND JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES IN CASE OF CIVIL AVIATION ACCIDENTS & JUST CULTURE PRINCIPLES

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) has organized in Bucharest, between March 28-29, 2018, in cooperation with R.A. ROMATSA, an international workshop about the cooperation between safety investigation authorities and judicial authorities in case of civil aviation accidents, in the context of Just Culture principles.

The main objective of this event was to facilitate the exchange of experience and best practices on mutual support activities between safety investigation authorities and judicial authorities in case of civil aviation accidents, that can be deployed in order to improve civil aviation safety in Romania.

Along with the representatives of CIAS, experienced investigators in the investigation of civil aviation occurrences, the event was attended by representatives of R.A. ROMATSA and Romanian Air Traffic Controllers Association (RATCA), as well as by representatives of civil aviation safety investigation authorities in Europa (France, UK, Republic of Moldova, Serbia), a representative from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), representatives of the Prosecutor's Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice, as well as of the Territorial Prosecutor's Offices attached to the Courts of Appeal in Romania, with attributions in judicial investigations in case of civil aviation occurrences.

During this event, there were addressed presentations on the activities that take place at the civil aviation accident site, namely cooperation with the judicial authorities if the accident results in human casualties, the preservation of the accident site until the arrival of the investigation team from the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), as well as the subsequent activities related to the storage and technical investigation of the wreckage of the aircraft involved in the accident, the criminal investigation conducted by the prosecutors, and the experience of the investigators in the act of justice, in the context of just culture principles. It was also discussed the legislative framework governing investigations of civil aviation occurrence in Romania, France, the United Kingdom and Serbia, and also case studies have been presented on the cooperation in this field, in order to find out the best solutions to improve the cooperation between safety investigation and judicial authorities in case of civil aviation accidents.

It was also discussed about the setting up of clear cooperation directions and competence limits between CIAS investigators and the prosecutors designated to investigate civil aviation accidents and incidents, in compliance with the provisions of the Regulation (EU) no. 996/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 on the investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation and repealing Directive 94/56/EC. Thus, it was concluded that it would be appropriate to set up a working group with CIAS and the Prosecutor's Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice, which would contribute to the harmonization of the national legislation with the European legislative provisions.

In the end, it was discussed the possibility of organizing the Annual Meeting of EUROCONTROL in Bucharest, on October 24-25, 2018, in partnership with CIAS.

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INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION DAY,
OPPORTUNITY TO REALIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF AIR TRANSPORT

December 8, 2017

 

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) and FricaDeZbor.ro, the first Romanian website dealing with aviation from the perspective of people being afraid of flying, along with a crew of aviation, psychology, security and law professionals, met with 35 flight-fearing passengers who had the courage to embark on an imaginary flight in the backstage of civil aviation in Romania.

The “take-off” too place on December 7, 2017, on the occasion of the International Civil Aviation Day, from the “Aurel Vlaicu” International Airport Bucharest-Băneasa and had a crew consisting of air safety investigators, pilots and flight attendants, psychologists, aeronautical security specialists and lawyers specialized in Aviation Law. They have all contributed to raising awareness on the safety and efficiency of commercial air transport among people who are afraid pf flying. Thus, those present to this event have found the answers to the questions that have troubled them on each plane trip, causing them anxiety, ad have also discovered the human side of this field and the passion of those who animate it. The end of the seminar brought also a surprise – a raffle, after which one of the flight-fearing participants won a demonstration flight, along with a flight instructor. Thus, the winner will have the opportunity to fully understand what happens in the cabin and how the aircraft reacts in different situations.

Romania, ranked the 4th in Europe in terms of civil aviation safety

In 2010, based on applicable legal provisions and in accordance with the Convention in international civil aviation, signed in Chicago on December 7, 1944, CIAS has been designated as the state body responsible for investigating the civil aviation accidents and serious incidents in Romania.

“The mission of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center is to maintain and optimize the civil aviation safety. This is done by issuing safety recommendations based on information derived from the investigations of civil aviation occurrences and from analyses, with the view of preventing similar occurrences. Passengers must be aware that CIAS is in a continuous strengthening of its mission to contribute to increasing the safety of civil air transport in Romania and therefore the flight-fearing people will always find in us a reliable partner to overcome their fear of flight”, said Nicolae STOICA, general director of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS).

“Additionally, what is important to note is that in just two years since the establishment of CIAS, following the ICAO audit conducted in 2012 in Romania in the civil aviation, our country was ranked the 4th in Europe and the 10th in the world on civil aviation safety. Also, through all the actions and activities carried out by CIAS, we want to give passengers the confidence in civil aviation, reinforcing the statistical finding that the air transport is the safest mean of transport”, added Cristian TECUCEANU, Head of Investigation Department at CIAS.

Romanians’ fear of flying

44 out of 129 Romanians experienced, at a certain moment, a flight with turbulences or a troubled journey, shows a questionnaire drawn up by FricaDeZbor.ro among the passengers. These problems affected them so much that 70% of them still fly with fear and anxiety. At the same time, another category of flight-fearing people, a smaller one, is represented by those who have never flown before, for the same reason: fear of flight. They all have two things in common: the fact that they miss holidays or important events in their lives, and the fact that, for them, aviation is a mystical domain in which they rather interpret what happens but to ask and receive correct information to help them calm down.

„Few are those ones who know that quiet on a plane can be dangerous. But they are scared of every noise they hear during the flight and associate dramatic interpretations for it. Another reason, I might say the most important, for the flight-fearing, is represented by turbulences. But there is an explanation for everything. In this project, we seek to provide passengers with the reasons why they should be more relaxed regarding the commercial aviation, and with information about flight, aircraft maintenance, pilots training. In this context, we offer them the expertise of many specialists involved in air transport, and also psychological guidance, so as to be able to understand their fears and how to control them”, said Sebastian RADU, the founder of FricaDeZbor.ro project.

„As always, we are glad to support air transport beneficiaries, so as to improve public perception on the civil aviation safety in Romania and we are pleased to see an increasing opening of flight-fearing passengers seeking more information about the civil aviation”, said Simona WIST, Head of Communication and Public Relations at CIAS.

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Nicolae Stoica CIASParticipanti

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ParticipantiSimona Wist CIAS si Sebastian Radu FricaDeZbor

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june 7, 2017: civil aviation safety investigationS. legislation, milestones and joint actions

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center organized on June 7, 2017, at the "Aurel Vlaicu" International Airport Bucharest-Baneasa, the workshop named "Civil aviation safety investigations. Legislation, milestones and joint actions".
The event was attended by specialists of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), namely investigators and specialty inspectors in analysis and administration of the unique database at national level ECCAIRS, as well as persons with responsibilities in case of civil aviation occurrences from airports, air operators and aviation organizations in Romania.
The addressed topics included the general presentation of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), legislative issues related to safety investigations, reporting of civil aviation occurrences, phases of safety investigations, protection of sensible data, preservation of samples, as well as case studies on the topic related to investigation activities performed by the investigators within CIAS, as a result of some civil aviation occurrences that took place in our country.

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november 21-22, 2016: MEETING WITH CIAS AND PROSECUTORS HAVING DUTIES IN JUDICIAL INVESTIGATION OF CIVIL AVIATION OCCURRENCES

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) organized in Bucharest, between November 21-22, 2016, a meeting with the representatives of the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice (POHCCJ), as well as the representatives of territorial Prosecutor’s Offices attached to the Courts of Appeal, with duties in judicial investigation of civil aviation occurrences, due to the Cooperation protocol on civil aviation investigations coordination, signed on December 19, 2013 between the representatives of CIAS and POHCCJ.

The main objective of this event was to facilitate the mutual support activities between CIAS and POHCCJ, that can be performed in order to improve civil aviation safety in Romania, mainly the activities performed onsite of civil aviation occurrences, if from the accident result human fatalities, namely preservation of accident site till the arrival of investigators team from CIAS, but also the subsequent activities on storage and technical investigation of wreckage.

During the meeting, it was debated the legal framework governing the civil aviation occurrences in Romania and there were presented case studies on collaboration in this field of activity, aiming to find the best solutions to help the improvement of civil aviation safety in Romania.

Following the discussions at this meeting, it was concluded that it would be appropriate to form a permanent working group at the level of CIAS investigators and prosecutors assigned to investigate the civil aviation accidents and incidents, so as to establish the collaboration directions and competence limits between these institutions, complying with the EU Regulation no. 996/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council since October 20, 2010 on the investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents occurred in civil aviation and repealing of Directive 94/56/EC.

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NOVEMBER 1-2, 2016: INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP DEDICATED TO CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY INVESTIGATORS

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) organized on 1-2 of November 2016 an international workshop dedicated to civil aviation investigators in Europe. The event was held in Bucharest and gathered investigators and representatives of civil aviation safety investigation authorities from Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, United Kingdom, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine.

Investigations in extreme conditions and special situations encountered during the course of investigation activities were the main topics discussed at the event.

“This is an extremely important event, both institutionally and for civil aviation safety at European level. It is also an excellent opportunity to discuss and share know-how, good practices and experiences encountered during investigation activities of accidents occurred in extreme conditions”, declared Mr. Nicolae STOICA, General Director of the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) from Romania.

“Any safety investigation has its common risks, including when investigators are facing pain, fatigue and pressure of determining the causes of the accidents occurrence. The investigators may also experience at the accident site dangers that are highly individual and that could result in a significant risk to the investigation team”, added Mr. Dominique VERDONI, investigator and special advisor of the Director General within the Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile – BEA) from France.

During the event, Mr. Lucian IVAN and Mr. Eugen SUCIU, investigators within the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS), also took the floor and they presented the extreme conditions they encountered during safety investigations of the aviation accident occurred on September 29, 2013 in Tăureni Lake, Mureș County, involving the helicopter registered YR-BTM, as well as the aviation accident occurred on January 20, 2014 in Apuseni Mountains, near Horea village, Alba County, involving the aircraft registered YR-BNP.

The topics discussed in the presentations were meant to contribute to the increase and maintenance of civil aviation security at a high level.

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NOVEMBER 6-7, 2012: Meeting regarding civil aviation safety "Sharing your Experience"

On 6-7th November 2012, was held the meeting no. 38 with the Group of experts on Accident Investigation (ACC/38) - "Sharing your Experience".

The event was organized and hosted by the Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Center (CIAS) at Radisson Blu Hotel in Bucharest.

The conference was attended by personalities from the International Civil Aviation.

The purpose of the meeting helped the exchange of investigations data regarding civil aviation safety in Europe.

Click here for additional information.

Read also: Feedback after the event.

Studies and analysis

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Authority elaborates specialized studies, specific analysis and newsletters on civil aviation safety.

For more information, click here.

Investigation reports

SIAA runs investigations of civil aviation occurrences, with the purpose to determining the facts, causes and circumstanes that led to their production.

For more information, click here.

Safety recommendations

The Civil Aviation Safety Investigation and Analysis Authority issues flight safety recommendation, based on studies or analysis of a series of investigations.

For more information, click here.